These two common words can be very challenging for our students to learn. Part of the reason may be that they do not have an equivalent in many other languages. An additional difficulty comes from the fact that most plurals are formed by adding “s”, yet the singular form is does (with an s) and the plural is do (no s).
Here are a few suggestions for practicing do and does.
- Book 2a of Interactive English focuses on do/does on Day 5. You can provide extra practice by asking students to bring pictures of their families (or show pictures on their phone). Group students in pairs and have them look at a picture with several people in it. They can then practice a dialog similar to this to guess who the family members or friends are:
Student A: I’m thinking of my mother.
Student B: Does she have brown hair?
Student A: Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.
Student B: Does she have blue eyes?
Have students continue asking questions until they can guess the person.
Alternatively, you can bring in magazine pictures of people or objects and have students ask questions.
These activities can work in both one-on-one situations and when teaching groups.
- Play go fish. All you need for this game is a deck of cards. Have students ask questions such as “Do you have a five?”
If you are teaching a group, you can expand on this after each turn by asking students what another student has: “Does Maya have a six?”
- Have you more advanced students make up their own sentences. Create two piles of cards: nouns and verbs. (A great way to do this is to have students make the cards.) Have one student pick up a verb card and a noun card, then ask a question. The second student (or you, if it’s a one-on-one class) must answer. Have fun with this game as there may be nonsense questions, such as “Do you eat a table?”